Integrity risk management. EPAC (2017)
Unofficial translation into Spanish of: European partiers against corruption (2017, November). Integrity risk management [online]. Available in: https://www.epac-eacn.org/downloads/recommendations [2018, August].
«After Gürtel: Treaties against corruption and the principle of legality»
Author: Bartolomé Clavero
Intervention in the Seminari Internacional sobre Cultura de la Legalitat i Lluita contra la Corrupció, Universitat Carles III de Madrid, 11-June 12, 2018, directed by José María Sauca i Manuel Villoria.
Quality of government in EU regions: Spatial and temporal patterns»
Authors: Nicolas Charron, Victor Lapuente
Gothenburg, Quality of Government Institute, Working paper 2018:2
«The economic costs of the institutional quality deficit and corruption in Spain»
Authors: Francisco Alcalá Agullo, Fernando Jiménez Sánchez
Bilbao, Fundación BBVA, 2018
«Report of the seventh open-ended intergovernmental meeting of experts to improve international cooperation within the framework of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, held in Vienna on June 8, 2018»
Viena, June 2018
«Corruption perceptions index 2018»
Author: Internacional Transparency
The 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index, published by Transparency International, measures perceived levels of corruption in the public sector in 180 countries and territories. Based on 13 employer surveys and expert evaluations, the index scores on a scale from zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
The results show a sadly familiar picture: more than two-thirds of the countries score below 50, while the average scores are just 43. Perhaps most worryingly, the vast majority of the countries evaluated have made little or no progress. nothing. Only 20 have made significant progress in recent years.
As long as corruption continues rampant, democracy is under threat around the world.