The 1st inter-university course on the prevention of corruption in public management, taught by the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency in Valencian public universities, begins.


The five Valencian public universities (Universitat de València, Politècnica de València, Miguel Hernández de Elche, Universitat Jaume I de Castelló and University of Alicante9) have launched, thanks to the collaboration between the AVAF Training Service and its training services, the first interuniversity course on the prevention of corruption and the fight against fraud in public management

The course will be taught by staff from the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency and the Services Inspection of the Generalitat Valenciana over five days, where each of the universities will be the host throughout the months of the learning experience. .

On Tuesday, June 7, 2022, the course was inaugurated in a session chaired by Ángeles Solanes, vice-rector for Teaching Transformation and Lifelong Learning at the University of Valencia, and Joan Llinares, director of the AVAF, in the Assembly Hall of the Rectorate building of the UV.

The vice-rector Ángeles Solanes recognized the work of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency and thanked the institution for offering to participate in this course, aimed at PAS personnel and those who exercise responsibilities in governing bodies of Valencian public universities.

The director of the AVAF shared with those present the international context in which the fight against corruption arises, the existing European and international references, as well as the creation of the Agency, its legal nature, functions and most relevant aspects of the entity, like the 27 whistleblowers who hold AVAF protection status.

Anselm Bodoque, head of the Agency’s Training Service, focused the second conference of the day on the social, civil, political, economic and institutional costs produced by irregular practices in public administrations, as well as the negative effects that affect the entire public sector and citizens in general. To put an end to fraud, the main battle is in the mechanisms to improve institutional quality.

The next day of the 1st interuniversity course on “Prevention of corruption in public management” will take place at the Polytechnic University of Valencia on July 6, 2022. In this second session, the staff of the General Services Inspectorate of the Generalitat Valenciana will present the focus on the IGS methodology of the GVA for the preparation of risk exposure maps and risk self-assessment plans in the field of public procurement and personnel management.

*Images courtesy of UV

The IES Barri del Carmen, first in the city of Valencia to celebrate the #DocuforumAVAF in Compulsory Secondary Education.


The Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency was present last Monday, June 6, 2022, at the Barrio del Carmen Secondary Education Institute with the aim of holding a docuforum on ethics and public integrity within the framework of the history subject of the 4th year of ESO.

This docuforum learning experience has been the first held in the ESO training stage in the city of Valencia, with the collaboration of Professor Lucia Grandes.

In a first session, the students watched the Pandora Box documentary “Corruption: harmful organism”. After it, they had the opportunity to express their doubts and questions, which were answered in the second session of the learning experience, with the presence in the classroom of part of the AVAF Training Service team.

After exposing the origins of the fight against corruption, and initiatives of the legislator in the matter of prevention and fight against fraud, the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency was presented to the young people, its origin and independence, only attached to Les Corts.

Throughout the exhibition, the students learned about the various functions attributed by law to the AVAF (Prevention, training, analysis and investigation, protection of corruption whistleblowers). The session was facilitated by Pilar Moreno, training technician, and Anselm Bodoque, head of the Training Service of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency.

The 4th ESO students, within the history subject, where the session took place, have shown interest in knowing how corruption affects them as citizens and what they can do to prevent it.

The Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency continues with this new learning experience on the path that brings the institution, its objectives, and functions closer to Compulsory Secondary Education classes, to participate in the creation of a more informed youth in the fight against corruption and necessary integrity and transparency in public administration.

This has been the last #DocuforumAVAF held in the 2021-2022 school year. The Agency’s Training Service is grateful for the collaboration of all the teaching staff who have supported the dissemination among students of the importance of preventing corruption and the work of AVAF.

If you are a university, secondary or high school teacher and you are interested in having the training activity “Docuforum on ethics and public integrity” carried out in the subject you teach, do not hesitate to contact the Training Service of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency at through

Circumvention of the guiding principles applicable to the processes of selection and provision of public employees

In 2021, the number of complaints filed with the Agency for the Prevention and Fight Against Fraud and Corruption of the Valencian Community related to human resources has accounted for 45% of the total, and within these, those related to alleged irregularities in the selection processes, access and provision procedures, account for 35% of the total, which represents almost 4 out of 10 complaints filed during the year 2021.

These data invite us to reflect on the effective application of the inspiring and guiding principles of access to public employment.

Equality, merit, capacity, transparency, publicity, impartiality, independence and professionalism are, among others, the guiding principles of access to public employment that are included in the Constitution and in the consolidated text of the Law of the Basic Statute of Public Employees, principles known by all of us who work at the service of the public.

But does theoretical knowledge of these principles imply their internalization and application at the time of participating in a selection process or the provision of a position, either as an applicant or as a member of a technical selection body?

The violation of the principle of equality occurs, for example, in cases in which anonymity is not guaranteed in the performance and correction of the tests carried out in the different procedures, when anonymization is mandatory whenever possible. The lack of anonymization is an administrative irregularity that can imply the nullity of the process, being especially relevant in the tests in which the technical selection body enjoys a space of appreciation, and in which the guarantee of anonymity it is, in the words of the Supreme Court (1), “a tool at the service of achieving, to the greatest extent possible, the effectiveness of the constitutional principle of equal access in access to the public function”.

The violation of the principle of equality, together with those of merit and ability, is also evident in selection processes in which personal interviews are used to select the most suitable candidate. It is not that interviews cannot be carried out, it is not that, in fact the regulations allow them to “complete” the rest of the tests of the selection process and they can be a good tool with proper use. A different thing is their fraudulent use when they are decisive for the final decision adopted by the technical selection body, due to the weighting given to them in the selection process and, above all, due to the lack of establishment prior to carrying out certain criteria more possible objectives to take into account for the evaluation of the candidates, the lack of archive in audiovisual support of the development of the same for a later verification if necessary, as well as the lack of reflection in the minutes of the evaluation carried out by the members of the court after the development of the aforementioned interview by each of the applicants.

The frontal attack on all the guiding principles of access to public employment contained in the revised text of the Law on the Basic Statute of Public Employees of 2017 and the Spanish Constitution occurs in cases in which evidence is leaked to someone of the applicants before they are carried out. At that moment, these principles become a mere rhetorical statement that has been stripped of all the ethical and moral burden that compliance with them entails. Both public employees who access their jobs with this type of internship and public employees who are part of the technical selection bodies that allow them, encourage the creation or permanence of clientelism in the administration as well as the creation of a structure at the service of the authority and of those who represent it and not of the general interest, a structure that facilitates, on many occasions, political and official corruption.

This clientelism is itself, in the words of Carles Ramió (2), “a vector of corruption, which also opens the door to other corrupt dynamics such as the lack of empowerment of some public employees in the face of political positions to whom they “owe” the privilege of working in the comfort of a public Administration, far from the cold of the unemployment crises that private companies embrace”. The aforementioned author makes it clear that “the de facto politicization of public employees and their fear of losing their positions for political or discretionary reasons assures political positions of unbroken loyalty that easily crosses the barriers of professionalism and ethics. of public servants”.

The occurrence of these situations is very serious in the selection processes of all levels and professional categories of public employees, but it is especially visible in positions of responsibility in the civil service. It is about those employees who must work side by side with the institutional representatives, who must advise them so that their decisions, regardless of the political party and ideology they represent, serve the public interest and not individual goals or those of powerful groups seeking a concrete profit, many times besides the current legality.

At the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency we understand that a well-selected public administration resists political changes and is not at their mercy, responds with professionalism and rigor to the challenges and situations that arise, and guarantees objectivity in the development of the work of the employees that comes to shape a previously defined public policy. Therefore, the selection of public employees based on the guiding principles set forth here should be an objective of each government team of every administration, and non-compliance with them should be fully rejected by the citizenry.

Mª José Moragues Faus

Head of Unit of the analysis and investigation of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency

[1]Judgment of the Supreme Court of July 8, 2015 (STS 3614/2015), legal basis 4º.

[2] Carles Ramió (2016) La renovación de la función pública: estrategias para frenar la corrupción política en España. Pg. 170 y 174. Editorial Catarata.

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