The Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency presents the first study that compares the perception of corruption in Spain and Portugal

València, 17 May 2024.- This morning the research report on “Comparative perceptions of corruption in Spain and Portugal” was presented at a press conference at the headquarters of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency.

The Professor of Political Science and Administration at the University of Murcia and head of the Chair of Good Governance and Public Integrity, Fernando Jiménez, and the researcher Gustavo Ouvêa from the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon were in charge of presenting the report. The event was also attended by the director of the Agency, Joan Llinares.

For the preparation of this report, which analyzes and compares perceptions of corruption in both countries, two national surveys have been carried out with common questions. The first of the surveys was carried out in Portugal within the framework of the EPOCA project with funding from the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) under the scientific coordination of the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon. The second of the surveys was carried out in Spain, with special attention to the Valencian Community, and is sponsored by the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency under the scientific coordination of the University of Murcia.

This report offers for the first time an X-ray of the perception that citizens have regarding different aspects related to corruption and ethics and public integrity in both Spain and Portugal.

Key results of the survey

It is in politics and business that the people surveyed consider corruption to be most prevalent. On average, Spaniards and Portuguese think that around 50% of businessmen and between 60-70% of politicians are corrupt. When asked about officials, the assessment that they are corrupt drops to 40%, which puts them on the same level as the rest of the citizenry.

The practice of corruption that most worries citizens is not so much the payment of bribes, which remains low (11% in Spain and 10% in Portugal, and is at the European average of 11%); but the corruption that stems from the interaction between politics and business.

70% of the people interviewed in Spain and 80% in Portugal believe that corruption is not a circumstance, but is part of the country’s business culture, compared to 60% of the European average.

There is a belief that to succeed in business is to have good contacts with politicians. Here we do find differences because while in Spain 49% of the people surveyed believe that political clientelism is necessary, which is in line with the European average of 50%, the percentage shoots up to 70% in the case of Portugal.

In general, the perception prevails that the ethical context in both countries has not improved, despite the efforts of the authorities to prevent and combat corruption, although the perception that corruption has been increasing in Portugal is greater than in Spain.

Facts about the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency

In this survey, the interviewees were also asked about issues that directly affect the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency and therefore it was only asked about the population of the Valencian Community.

One of the singularities that this report has highlighted with respect to the Valencian Community is that among Valencian respondents there is a greater predisposition to report, since 1 in 4 Valencians would report in case of corruption compared to 1 in 5 in other autonomous communities.

Likewise, Valencians have a 5 points higher expectation that their complaint will have results and 5 points less likely to suffer reprisals for their complaint.

Another question referred to the degree of knowledge that exists among citizens about the Agency and 32% said they were aware of its existence compared to 68%. By age, those under 34 years of age are the least aware of it (85%), while the 35-49 age group are the ones who know it the most with 37%.

And regarding the functions entrusted to the Agency, the best known by citizens is that of “protecting those who report cases of corruption”, followed by that of “detecting and punishing corrupt people”, “preventing corruption from occurring” and finally that of “training politicians, officials and students in ethical values”.

You can consult the report at the following link

The Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency exposes its work in the recovery of assets at the University of Valencia


Valencia. – May 16, 2024

The Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency participated in the I International Congress “Illicit gains and criminal justice system: a global perspective” organized by the University Research Institute in Criminology and Criminal Sciences of the University of Valencia.

Gustavo Segura Huerta. Director of Analysis and Research of the AVAF represented the institution with the contribution: “The role of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency in the recovery of assets.”

The conference took place in the Tomás S. Vives Antón room of the Faculty of Law of the University of València, with José León Alapont, professor of Criminal Law at the University of València, as their director.

The 90 people of the university community attending the conference, which took place on May 16 and 17, gathered around issues related to corruption, crypto-laundering and tax crimes, among others.

AVAF Conference highlights the need for supervision in the execution of public contracts to avoid irregularities

València, May 9, 2024.- 

The Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency has organized a Conference on irregularities in the execution phase of contracts in the public sector with the collaboration of the Legal Consultiu Council of the Valencian Community.

118 public institutions and more than 270 people attended the event, both in the Assembly Hall of the Consell Jurídic Consultiu and through the internet, where the central axis has been to give importance to the execution phase in public procurement, highlighting the irregularities detected by legal operators.

The day was inaugurated by the president of the Legal Consultiu Council of the Valencian Community, Margarita Soler and the director of the Agency, Joan Llinares.

The experts, speakers at the conference, have analyzed irregularities in public procurement and highlighted risks.

Gustavo Segura, director of Analysis and Research at the AVAF, focused his conference on irregularities in public procurement detected in AVAF investigations.

Patricia Boix, senior lawyer of the Consell Jurídic Consultiu, focused on the casuistry of the modification and termination of contracts.

Irene Bravo, director of Prevention, Training and Documentation of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency, detailed in her presentation the risks contrary to integrity in the contracting execution phase.

Olga Escribano, from the Independent Office for Regulation and Supervision of Contracting (OIReScon), director of the Division of Promotion of Integrity in Public Contracting and Institutional Coordination) presented the last presentation of the day focused on the supervision of the execution of the contracts by OIReScon, highlighting the main problems and conclusions.

The training day included the contributions of those present through questions and articulated debates with all the speakers, moderated by María José Cervera, director of Administration and Human Resources of the Agency.

The closing of the AVAF day was attended by Cayetano García, regional secretary of the Presidency of the Generalitat Valenciana, Margarita Soler, president of the Legal Consultiu Council of the Valencian Community and Joan Llinares, director of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency.

Almost half of the registrations for the AVAF day come from public employees of the local administration (national qualified and technical personnel) with 49.48%, followed by the Generalitat Valenciana, with 26.46%, university personnel public of the Valencian Community and the instrumental public sector.

69.41% of the people enrolled in the training organized by the AVAF were women, compared to 30.59% men.

With this new formation, the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency continues its work to prevent and fight against fraud and corruption in the Valencian Community.

The presentations from the AVAF Conference are available at the following links:

– Irregularities in public procurement and AVAF investigations. G. Segura
– The modification and termination of contracts: casuistry. P. Boix
– Risks contrary to integrity in the execution phase of the Contract. I Bravo
– Supervision of the execution of contracts by OIReScon: main problems and conclusions

For more information: