The 5 regional anti-fraud agencies and offices meet in Palma de Mallorca to discuss the impact of the future Whistleblower Law

Mallorca, January 19, 2023.-

On January 18, the heads of the regional anti-fraud and corruption agencies and offices met in Palma de Mallorca to coordinate the actions to be followed on the occasion of the entry into force of the Law that transposes into the Spanish legal system known as the Whistleblower Directive.

This European Directive 1937/2019 of the European Parliament refers to the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law.

In addition to the staff that holds the direction in each of the agencies and offices, they were present at the meeting of the legal services to discuss the impact that the state law that is currently in the Senate after its approval by the Congress of Deputies may have on the respective laws and regulations.

The meeting held at the headquarters of the Balearic Parliament was attended by the Antifrau Office of Catalonia; the Office for the Prevention and Fight against Corruption of the Balearic Islands; the Andalusian Office against Fraud and Corruption; the Office of Good Practices and Anticorruption of Navarra and the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency.

#DocuforumAVAF begins the year 2023 in the 1st year of high school classrooms of the Colegio Maristas de Algemesí (Valencia) with “Corruption: harmful organism”

Algemesi. – January 16, 2023.

The #DocuforumAVAF training activity began in 2023 in the town of Algemesí, in the Ribera Alta region.

The Agency’s learning experience consists of several phases and aims to make students reflect on strategies to combat fraud and corruption in society, paying special attention to the need to protect people who report corruption.

The students of the 1st year of high school of the Nuestra Señora de la Salut – Maristas de Algemesí School had the opportunity to see the documentary “Corruption: harmful organism” on Pandora Box TV, in a first session with their teachers and warn of the retaliation against those who are subjected to corruption whistleblowers.

Last Monday, January 16, in a second session carried out in the classroom by the training technician Pilar Moreno, the students were able to resolve their doubts and questions regarding the daily risks faced by people who report and how corruption is prevented and pursued.

The figure of the controllers of the local administration, the conflict of interest, the anti-corruption agencies or what younger people can do to avoid fraud and corruption, were some of the issues raised and debated by those present at the activity.

The Valencian Antifraud Agency through #DocuforumAVAF has the opportunity to show in the classrooms of schools, institutes and universities throughout the Valencian Community, its objectives, functions and present and future challenges in matters such as public integrity, prevention and protection from whistleblowers of corruption. Gamification in the classroom is used in this training activity to stimulate debate and student participation.

In the docuforum on January 16 in Algemesí, 55 were the participants, including students from the Erasmus Plus program who had recently arrived from Norway. During the session there was the opportunity to compare the data on the perception of corruption in Norway and Spain, thanks to data from Transparency International, as well as the democratic quality index of the University of Gothenburg. The differences between the two countries were notable, which surprised those present.

If you are a university or high school teacher in the Valencian Community and you are interested in having the training activity “Docuforum: Corruption, harmful organism” carried out in your classroom, do not hesitate to contact the training service of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency at via

Embezzlement reform will give carte blanche to impunity

On December 9, 2022, the beginning  of the celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the UN Convention against Corruption was  commemorated.    And precisely this signon December 9, forgetting the progress andbenefits of recent decades in the fight against corruption, has been the moment chosen to introduce into the parliamentary debate a very ill-advised proposal  to reform the crime of embezzlement.

The proposed amendment seeks to  replace the  current regulation of  embezzlement, which is currently configured in the broad concept of  unfair administration of public assets, to return to the limited structure and previous drafting of 1995, which   only  It consideredpunishable the concrete appropriation of public property.

The return to the 1995 newsroom is a real step backwards in the fight against corruption, since it hastaken a clean sweep of all the advances that have been taking shape in the legal regulation of embezzlement over the years, particularly since the United Nations Convention.

1/ Dysfunctions of the 1995 regulation.

The current regulation of embezzlement, of 2015, is upone a  technical improvement a-legal of  notable importance, it should be noted that  the return to the outdated regulation of 1995 will mean going through the disappointment of  the numerous judicial procedures in which, although the existence  of acts of corruption had been proven.  However, it was not  possible  to condemn the technical shortcomings of that regulation.  An example is  the scandal of the municipal funeral home of  a City Council that, valued at more than 7 million euros, was sold at public auction for the shameful amount of € 0.60. And despite the seriousness of the fact, the Supreme Court could not convict, since the crime of embezzlement in the 1995 wording did not typify cases such as the sale of public assets below its price. On the contrary, the current regulation of 2015, in its concept of unfair administration, does allow the punishment of this type of corrupt actions. 

2/ The profit motive and attenuated punitive duality.

Nor is it correct to return tothe outdated concept of profit in embezzlement.  In this type of corruption, the decisive factor is not that  the authority or official profits or tries to benefit a third party, but the damage caused to    the  citizenry.  Embezzlement is a crime of damage to  the administration and public property, which excludes the need  to include a profit motive.

And it is also a  mistake to try to establish atype  of mitigated embezzlementfor those cases in which, without there being a spirit of appropriation, the public patrimony is destined to private and alien uses.   Thediversion of the public from its destination, for the benefit of private uses and those outside the public function,   should not be deserving  of an attenuated penalty. Thus, the technical coldness of criminal typicity deserves in the present case to be put in front of the mirror of  reality and the concrete assumptions of everyday life. This is the case, among other common examples, of a  mayor who cedes the use,  to a private mercantile for  disco activity, of  the ground floor of a public building, initially projectedor destined for a municipal nursery school. The action, very serious,  with the amendment of reform of embezzlement would be configured with a penalty of such a sunor 6 months in prison.

3/ The penalty.

The amendment for the modification of the crime of embezzlement aims to return to the typical regulation of 1995 but maintaining the penalties of 2015,  which does not seem dissuasive or successful and this because  the penalty set in the  comparable legal systems of the European Union turns out to be more severe, a path that should be followed in the internal system.

Thus, under French law the offence comparable to embezzlement, ‘la soustraction et détournement de biens’, is punishable by ten years’  imprisonment;  Article314 punishes the appropriation by an official of money or movable property – both public and private – with imprisonment of three to ten years.

4/ Conclusions.

The intended modification of the crime  of embezzlement means giving carte blanche to impunity in embezzlement, limiting the possibilities of the system fighting against this scourge of democracy.

The return to the 1995 regulation of the crime of embezzlement will mean that numerous actions, which are contrary to the correct administration and the proper use of public assets, will not be duly prosecuted, which will affect the quality of services for citizens, since corruption entails a decrease in the quality of education,  health, social protection and other public sector activities.


Juan Vega

Lawyer of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency

*This article was published in the newspaper “El Mundo” in its national edition and can be consulted here