The anti-corruption agencies and offices of Spain meet in a virtual meeting

València, June 19, 2020.– The Spanish State Network of Anti-Corruption Offices and Agencies, of which the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency (AVAF) is part, has held its 5th biannual meeting on this occasion virtually in the face of the situation caused by the crisis sanitary.

On the agenda of the meeting, among other issues, the sharing of experiences and initiatives in the area of ​​recruitment and good governance in the context of the crisis generated by COVID-19, as well as the current state of the Transposition into the Spanish legal system of the European Directive for the protection of persons who report corruption, known as the Whistleblowers Directive.

In addition to the AVAF, the Anti-Fraud Office of Catalonia, the Office for the Prevention and Fight Against Corruption of the Balearic Islands, the Anti-fraud Office of the Madrid City Council, the Consello de Contas de Galicia, the Audiencia of Accounts of the Canary Islands participated in the meeting. , the National Anti-Fraud Coordination Service (SNCA), the Independent Office for the Regulation and Supervision of Procurement (OIReScon), as well as the Directorate of Analysis Services of the Barcelona City Council and the Transparency Agency of the Metropolitan Area of ​​Barcelona that have been these last two are in charge of organizing the meeting on this occasion.

In the second part of the meeting, Pedro Abellán from the Hay Derecho Foundation and Adán Nieto, Professor of Criminal Law at the University of Castilla-La Mancha participated as guests.

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The Director of the AVAF appears in Les Corts to present 6 recommendations to the new bill of the Valencian public function

Valencia, June 11, 2020.– This morning the Director of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency, Joan Llinares, in the exercise of the legally attributed functions, has appeared before the Commission of Justice, Government and Local Administration of Les Corts.

The purpose of the appearance has been to present the AVAF’s proposed amendments to the text of the new Valencian civil service bill that is currently being debated.

The Director of the AVAF has presented the 6 proposals highlighting the technical and legal nature of all of them in addition to the fact that in no case do they entail an economic repercussion.

The first of the modifications affects article 4 of the bill insofar as it refers to personnel with their own regulations, in order to include the reference to the entities attached to Les Corts.

The following of the proposals focuses on article 78, which regulates the right to protection of people who work in public administrations and who report irregularities, which is included in the Statute of the complainant regulated in article 14 of the Law 11/2016 of the AVAF.

A proposal is also proposed for articles 97 and 98 of the bill in the sense that it refers in its articles to the Basic Statute of Public Employees since it is included with more precision in the state regulation than in the regional proposal in relation to to ethical and conduct principles.

Finally, it is proposed that the personnel who provide their services in investigation and control bodies, such as the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency, can access the situation of special services in order to increase the level of protection against possible pressures or reprisals from their home administrations in addition to reinforcing the independence of the Agency itself.

During the turn of interventions, all the parliamentary groups thanked the previous meetings held with the Director and staff of the AVAF in order to explain in more detail the amendments proposed today.

Link to the video of the intervention in the media library of Les Corts Valencianes
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Proposed amendments Draft Law of Valencian Public Function editable format ODT
Proposed amendments to the Valencian Public Function Law Project

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The Valencian Antifraud Agency issues a general recommendation on the abuse of unjust enrichment in the public sector

València, May 19, 2020.- One of the functions of the Valencian Anti-Fraud Agency (AVAF) is to prevent fraud and corruption and for this reason it has drawn up a general recommendation under the title: “The path of unjust enrichment in the public sector: use or abuse? ”.

The AVAF has drawn up a general recommendation on unjust enrichment which is motivated by the verification of how unjust enrichment has gone from being an exceptional figure by nature to a common practice in our public administrations, becoming an important source of risk of fraud and Corruption, insofar as the focus is placed on the economic files that allow the payment to who has executed a benefit without legal protection or prior control to avoid their impoverishment (and the corresponding enrichment of the Administration).

Debugging the administrative action that, apart from the legal channels, motivated the commission would help to redirect this figure to its exceptional level. However, no rule provides for the way to do it, so, instead, its process is redirected to the economic file of “compensation for unjust enrichment” (REI, in the case of the autonomous administration) or “extrajudicial recognition of credits” (REC, in the case of local administration), thus becoming generalized as a compensation solution for payments.

All this calls into question the submission of the Administration to the Law and the Law and, in areas such as public sector contracting, “normalizes” the flight from its general principles of equality, transparency and free competition, putting in check the free competition in the normal functioning of the markets and the effective and efficient use of public resources.

As pointed out by the National Securities Market Commission (CNMV), the absence of competitive competition in public procurement produces an economic loss for the public coffers that has been estimated at some 47,500 million euros per year due to an upward deviation of 25% in hiring budgets.
This 56-page general recommendation includes the main risks involved in the use of unfair enrichment, such as the lack of planning and application of the contracting procedure, the authorization of irregular or unjustified payments, the alteration of the duration of the contract or the absence control over investment, among others.

To address the abuse of unjust enrichment, the AVAF proposes up to 11 prevention mechanisms that can be adopted by public administrations and that in practice involve implementing a culture of ethics and public integrity.

Among the proposed mechanisms are the planning of public policies and their execution, submission to the mandate of the Law to carry out orders and to compensate their payment, transparency to guarantee effective accountability, the provision of qualified personnel in services. legal as well as management and internal control services.

This is undoubtedly one of the points where the general recommendation places the greatest emphasis, as it points out the responsibilities that the abuse of unjust enrichment may have for the authorities and personnel at the service of public administrations, among which are disciplinary responsibility, responsibility for breach of good governance regulations, accounting responsibility or criminal responsibility regarding the possible existence of prevarication, bribery, influence peddling or embezzlement. Also, remember the possible responsibility of the entities that have executed the provision.

Finally, the document contains 6 conclusions and 10 recommendations are proposed in order to help unjust enrichment revert to the nature of exceptionality.

The Director of the AVAF has declared about the publication of this recommendation that “unjust enrichment recovers a special importance in these moments of crisis due to COVID-19 since during the state of alarm the public administrations have resorted to the hiring of emergency and we must not forget that these contracts cannot be left out of the necessary justification, transparency and control ”.

The document has been sent, among others, to parliamentary groups, regional councils, town councils, councils, Síndic de Greuges, Audit Office, Economic and Social Committee, Consell Jurídic Consultiu, universities, College of Secretary, Auditors and Treasurers (COSITAL), official associations of lawyers, administrative managers, unions, employers’ associations, public administration personnel associations, etc.


General Recommendation Unfair Enrichment
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